Coronary heart disease and stroke occurs when blood flow gets restricted due to the plaque build up in the walls of arteries. This plaque may develop into clot and result in heart attack. When the supply of blood to the brain is blocked, the cells in the starts to die due to insufficient blood and finally results in stroke. There are few uncontrollable factors such as genetics, age and ethnicity that can increase the risk factors associated with heart disease and stroke. But it is definitely possible to reduce other risk factors and avoid heart diseases by altering or tweaking certain lifestyle habits. Poona prevention cardiology centre, the leading clinic for heart treatment without angioplasty, bypass explains simple and healthy steps to prevent cardiovascular diseases.

Manage your weight

Obesity is the biggest enemy for heart disease. Manage your weight by following diet and regular exercise. BMI index helps to identify whether a person is obese or his weight is in the healthy range. If healthy weight is not maintained, steps should be taken to reduce weight.

More physical activity

Physical activity helps in many ways. To maintain a healthy weight, to lower cholesterol levels, to maintain blood sugar level and lower blood pressure levels, more physical activity is recommended. Blood pressure causes damage to blood vessels. Cholesterol is the major contributing factor for a heart disease, so it is important to lower bad cholesterol (LDL) and increase good cholesterol (HDL). Aerobics, swimming, cycling or simple walking can do a lot of good to your body and for blood circulation. A healthy diet option also matters a lot in the maintenance of lower bad cholesterol levels.

Healthy diet

Fresh fruits, vegetables, fiber rich food, nuts and food that are high in omega3 fatty acids are generally good for heart. Avoid food that contains high amount of fat and sugar. Say no to packed fruit juices loaded with sugar (instead drink fresh juices), pastries, pizza, cakes, cookies and all other unhealthy food choices. The bottom line is to reduce intake of calories and increase the burning of calories through exercises.

Change in habits

Smoking is very bad for your heart and straight away doubles the chances of stroke. It is important to stop the habit immediately for a healthy heart as tobacco damages the arteries. Again second hand smoking is also equally dangerous and is not good for health. It is best not to drink alcohol or in the unavoidable circumstances, never to go beyond limited units.

Avoid stress

Stress is another major factor that contributes heart disease. Reduce stress by way of meditation and other activities you are personally interested in to keep you occupied and relieve from stress.

Nevertheless, in the unfortunate event of heart blockage, it is not necessary to undergo bypass surgery or angioplasty. The good news is that alternative treatment for heart blockage is available. Expert doctors of Poona Preventive Cardiology Center (PPCC) provide excellent treatment options such as chelation therapy and EECP treatment in Pune effectively repair the damage caused to the arteries. But it should be borne in mind that prevention is always better than cure.